Schwartz, W. (2014) What is a person and How can we be sure? A Paradigm Case Formulation. Journal of Evolution and Technology, 24 (3).
Schwartz, W. (2013) The parameters of empathy: core considerations for psychotherapy and supervision. Advances in
Descriptive Psychology vol. 10.
Schwartz, W. (2008) Presentations of self and the status dynamics of psychotherapy and supervision. American Journal of
Schwartz, W. (2002) From passivity to competence: A conceptualization of knowledge, skill, tolerance, and empathy.
Psychiatry, 65(4), 338-345.
Greenberg R., C. Pearlman, W. Schwartz. (1997). Using the Rorschach to Define Differences in Schizophrenics and the Implications for Treatment.
Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis.
Greenberg, R., Katz, H., Schwartz, W., Pearlman, C. (1992). A Research-Based Reconsideration of the psychoanalytic theory of Dreams Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association.
Schwartz, W. (1984) The two concepts of action and responsibility in psychoanalysis. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association.
Schwartz, W. (1982) The problem of other possible persons: Dolphins, primates, and aliens. Advances in Descriptive Psychology vol. 2.
Greenberg R, C. Pearlman, W. Schwartz, (1983). Memory, emotion, and REM sleep. Journal of Abnormal Psychology.
Schwartz, W. (1980) Hypnosis and episodic memory. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis.
Schwartz, W. (1979) Degradation, accreditation, and rites of passage. Psychiatry.
Schwartz, W. (1978) Time and context during hypnotic involvement. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis.
I am trained in the scientist-practitioner model of clinical psychology. An evidence-based scientific understanding informs my psychotherapy practice and clinical supervision. My research interests include empathy, sleep and dreaming, maturation and behavior change, and the role of liberation, improvisation, and play in psychotherapy.
I have published experimental studies on dreaming and problem representation, hypnosis and episodic memory, and engagement in psychotherapy. As a student of Descriptive Psychology, I've developed theory-free conceptualizations of action and responsibility, the possibility of nonhuman persons, hypnosis and altered states of consciousness, and the practice and training of empathy. Currently, my work centers on establishing a common foundational framework for the behavioral sciences to facilitate effective communication across the various disciplines. This entails the interdependent, formal, and substantive relations of the concepts of Individual Persons, Intentional Action, Culture, Language, and World.